Alienware's Graphics Amplifier Announced - An External Video Card Chassis Shipping Soonby Ryan Smith on October 28, 2014 9:00 AM EST
The idea of an external PCI-Express chassis for video cards is practically as old as PCI-Express itself. However over the years the idea has failed to reach the consumer market as a complete product, even with the introduction of standardized external PCIe interfaces such as Thunderbolt. Various prototypes have been shown, but in practice the only way to acquire such a rig has been to build it yourself, combining an ExpressCard slot and its pokey PCIe 2.0 x1 link with an external PCIe chassis.
Thankfully it looks like the PC industry is finally going to turn the corner on the concept thanks to Alienware. Today Alienware is introducing their own PCIe video card chassis, the Alienware Graphics Amplifier.
Alienware’s amplifier is a fairly typical take on the concept – there are only so many ways to build an external PCIe chassis – however Alienware has been able to put together something that is clearly tuned for video cards. The chassis itself houses a PSU and a single x16 PCIe slot for a video card, along with a quartet of USB 3.0 ports for any other I/O needs. Notably, Alienware has designed the amplifier to be able to handle double-wide video cards up to 375W, which is quite a bit more power than professional grade external PCIe chassis, and this means it can conceivably run just about any self-contained video card on the market. That said, like many small form factor computers the amplifier is also clearly designed for video cards with fully exhausting blowers, so it’s going to be best paired with reference model video cards since blowers are nearly non-existent in custom cards these days.
Alienware's Graphics Amplifier Opened (Image Courtesy Gizmodo)
More interesting perhaps is the PCIe interface, which up until now has always been the sticking point in getting a video card chassis to market. The good news is that Alienware has more or less solved the problem, but the bad news is that the interface is a proprietary Alienware/Dell design that is only available on their laptops. Alienware notes that the interface is actually a PCIe + USB interface – apparently carrying USB over from the host rather than using PCIe to power a separate controller – and in the meantime we’re still working to determine just how many PCIe lanes the interface is carrying. Even if it’s not a full 8 lanes (the Haswell U series CPUs don’t support 16 lanes), given the severe bandwidth limitations of ExpressCard and Thunderbolt, even a 4 lane setup would represent a significant improvement in bandwidth. Like Thunderbolt however this interface does appear to use active cabling (it would be very difficult to carry that much bandwidth externally without it), in which case the cable is going to be an expensive part of the entire setup.
On the host side, the amplifier is being launched alongside the Alienware 13, which will be the first of what will presumably be a series of Alienware laptops to support the amplifier’s interface. Rather than hanging off of spare PCIe lanes, we suspect some kind of MUX is in play here, as Alienware has noted that the 13’s internal dGPU (a GeForce 860M) has to be shut off to use the amplifier interface. Most likely Alienware is rerouting the GPU’s lanes to the interface when it’s in use. Activating or deactivating the interface does require a reboot, which although not especially convenient bypasses some very messy issues that could occur when hot-plugging an active GPU, and we suspect would otherwise be a show-stopper.
Alienware's Graphics Amplifier Up Close (Image Courtesy Gizmodo)
Meanwhile it’s interesting to note that in their development process Alienware has been able to solve some of the technical issues around an external video card in the process to better integrate it with the host. The video card in an amplifier can be used to drive both external and internal displays, meaning that it’s possible to use the amplifier to drive the 13’s built-in display and still reap the benefits, even without an external monitor. The overall non-portability of the 7lb+ amplifier and the USB ports strongly drives the amplifier towards being used as a docking station with an external monitor, but if you want to use it to drive the internal display that is going to be a viable option.
Moving on, Alienware is taking a vendor agnostic approach with the amplifier and will be supporting NVIDIA as well as AMD GPUs. There are still some additional technical details we’re chasing down on how this will work with the internal display capabilities, but ultimately it means the amplifier can be used with a wide range of cards from both vendors. That said, since the amplifier is going to be best paired with a blower type video card, NVIDIA’s cards are going to be the more natural fit at this time. Alienware has been showing the amplifier off with the GTX 980, and next to being the most powerful single-GPU video card on the market it also has a reference blower that is an excellent match for the amplifier’s cooling capabilities.
Finally and perhaps most importantly, Alienware has made it clear that the amplifier isn’t a prototype and won’t be vaporware, and that we’re looking at an external video card chassis that is actually going to ship. Alienware will begin taking orders for the amplifier today alongside the Alienware 13 laptop, with the hardware shipping in November. Even the price is decent (especially compared to DIY attempts), with the amplifier set to cost $299. This is on top of the price of the Alienware 13 laptop and the video card to fill the amplifier with, so the total cost of a setup is still going to be significant, but despite being the first shipping consumer solution it’s not priced through the roof.
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asendra - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkI have a pretty decent setup with a 4770k with a Corsair H90 AIO, 16gb Ram, a GTX 770, 2 SSD + 2x4TB WD Reds all in a Node 304. Granted it seems to be a bit bigger than this box (not sure how much, can't find measures) but I also have quite a bit of storage which could reduce the volume a bit.
adityarjun - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkJust googled Node 304. Looks great! Your setup sounds ideal to me actually. I would just change the 770 to 970 if I buy it now.
bobbozzo - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkYeah, Node 304 + Silverstone 450W SFX PSU (cables are annoyingly long on ATX PSUs).
nevertell - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkHaving this only be available on a limited set of Dell devices means it's DOA.
ToTTenTranz - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkLet's hope Alienware will put a little more weight into this than AMD+Acer did with XGP...
I actually bought an Acer Ferrari One, back in the day. The XGP connector is there but external graphics cards were never made available to the public.
I would actually pay quite a premium for the ability to use an external graphics card in my laptop.
fokka - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkit's nice that the extGPU scene is getting into gear at last, but the design, form factor, price and proprietary nature of the solution dampen my enthusiasm considerably.
TEAMSWITCHER - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkI don't get it. Are they saying that their gaming laptops will never be as fast as a desktop? Or do they really want to sell you a gaming laptop without discreet graphics hardware? It's probably the later.
Wolfpup - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkIt's the former, plus more. The first notebook that supports it already has a very solid GPU in it (for the size at least), but this means you can use the best of the best with your notebook, AND means you can do upgrades when you want to.
MrSpadge - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - link> Are they saying that their gaming laptops will never be as fast as a desktop?
Of course! Big gaming laptops are realistically limited to about 100 W GPUs. You can put up to 375 W into this thing, which can provide almost 4 times the performance, given similar power efficiency. In practice you can still expect a factor of 2 to 3 higher performance from a high end desktop solution, because it will be driven harder and experience reduced power efficiency.
JNo - Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - linkFor the money, size and limitations, why not just build a mini-ITX build with same GPU for not much more. Then you've also got a second PC a similar size which can act as NAS, fileserver, whatever as well as the laptop.